4 Wall Material Types for Interior and Exterior According to Your Budget | Raysa House

  1. Glass

Today, glass material has been used as a wall in a house, office, or room divider. With the increasing demand for glass, several glass manufacturers are competing to make innovations, such as types, colors, and functions. In the past, people may have been afraid to use glass because it cracked easily. However, now that anxiety can be dispelled. Nowadays there are frameless glass products that are used as doors. Frameless glass in a large size can serve as a wall. Nowadays, glass can be shaped as desired, such as an ellipse, round, curved, and so on. The thickness of the glass varies widely, from 2 mm to 20 mm. Moreover, there is even thicker glass.

4 Wall Material Types for Interior and Exterior According to Your Budget | Raysa House

What types of glass are popular on the market?

Basically, there are four types of glass, clear glass, effected glass, and tinted glass (brown, black, blue, green). From these types of glass, it can be processed again into the art glass, for example, engraved, burned, combined, or coated with window film. On the market, processed glass can be grouped into five, as follows.

  • Tempered glass is a type of tinted or clear glass that is burned at a certain temperature. Its strength can reach four times the regular glass. Generally, this glass is used for doors.
  • Laminate glass is a type of glass that is tightly merged by two pieces of glass and filled with a kind of window film in the middle. Usually, this glass is used for bullet-resistant glass.
  • Double glass consists of two glasses, but in the middle is given space between 0.8–1 cm. This glass is usually used for soundproof rooms because of its function to block sound.
  • Wire glass is a type of glass made from two sheets of glass that unite together then given a layer of wire in the middle so that it becomes very strong.
  • Mirror glass is plain glass with the backside is attached using a thin layer of metal (aluminum, copper, or silver) so that it can function as a mirror.

Tips for installing glass walls

Glass for high walls, the installation is inserted into aluminum or wooden frame, or even without a frame. The connection between the glass uses glass adhesive and the connection between the frame and glass uses rubber (silicone). The thickness of the glass depends on the area to be installed. For wide and outer area, about 8 mm or 10 mm thick. For doors, it is 12 mm or 15 mm thick. For indoor partitions, their thickness is about 5 mm or 8 mm, just like a greenhouse.

See also: The Difference of Wall Finishes Material You Should Know


  1. Gypsum Board or Acoustics

4 Wall Material Types for Interior and Exterior According to Your Budget | Raysa House

In America and England, the gypsum board has been used since the early 19th century, both for ceilings, walls, and partitions. The basic material is limestone coated with special paper so that it has a flat surface. It makes it easy to apply for finishing, whether painted or wallpapered. There is also a type of gypsum for wet areas. In the market, there are many gypsum brands such as United Gypsum, USG Boral, National Gypsum, Gyproc, and so on. Each brand has a price that is not much different. The gypsum board can be installed as a single wall or double wall.

Tips for installing gypsum board

Installation between gypsum using paper tape and finished with Compound Final Cote or similar. In the market, the gypsum board has the same size as plywood, 120 cm x 240 cm with a thickness of 9 mm, 10 mm, 12 mm and 15 mm. Ornaments decorating options are quite a lot, especially for large walls. Ornaments are also available in various sizes and models.

Gypsum wall installation can use a wooden or metal stud as a frame so that it is cheaper, lighter, and termite resistant, both made from metal or light steel base.

For rooms that require soundproofing, such as recording studios, radio / TV broadcasting studios, home theater rooms, bedrooms, and so on, then acoustic wall coverings (panels) are the solution. The installation is almost the same as the gypsum board. The surface has been neatly finished so there is no need for painting or wallpapering. The basic material is made of plasterboard like Daiken which can absorb sound so it doesn’t cause any echoes at all.

4 Wall Material Types for Interior and Exterior According to Your Budget | Raysa House

The gypsum board advantages and disadvantages

Apart from the brands above, other brands can be inserted into your list, for example, Armstrong and USG with sizes 60 cm x 60 cm and 60 cm x 120 cm and a thickness of 1.5 cm and 2 cm. The product comes in three colors, white, gray, and beige. This wallcovering has several advantages and disadvantages.

The advantages of gypsum board are

  • light,
  • fast processing
  • easy maintenance,
  • fireproof,
  • looks luxurious.

While the disadvantages of gypsum board are

  • not impact resistant,
  • the finishing requires a coating such as wallpaper,
  • not everyone can install it.


  1. Wallpaper

Today, wallpapers are already widely used, either local production or imported products. To distinguish between local products and imported products is easy, look carefully at the product, touch the texture, and observe the material.

In the market today, there are many wallpaper products with various motifs, such as plain, tendrils, square, wood grain, cartoons, fruits, plants, animals, and so on. Generally, each product has 50-100 motifs. The basic material is made of paper, such as straw and bamboo. To make it waterproof, shiny, and not easily torn, vinyl is used as an additive.

4 Wall Material Types for Interior and Exterior According to Your Budget | Raysa House

See also: Wall Coatings Options: Wall Paint Or Wall Tiles, Who’s Better?

Tips on how to hang wallpaper

Wallpaper installation is very easy and fast, especially if you have a flat and wide wall surface. Installation begins with sanding the walls. After that, apply the wallpaper adhesive using a brush or roller. Make sure the glue is completely spread across the surface to prevent the surface from bumping. Then hang the wallpaper on a clean wall using a roller so that the surface is flat and doesn’t damage the wallpaper. If the wall area has electrical sockets, vents, or other openings, you don’t need to punch holes in the wallpaper first. However, a hole for the socket can be made after the wallpaper is installed using a cutter.

Tips on buying wallpapers

4 Wall Material Types for Interior and Exterior According to Your Budget | Raysa House

Wallpaper is sold in rolls about 10 cm in diameter and 50 cm in length. Also available with a length of 100 cm. For wallpaper that has a function as a combination, use borders with a size of 7.5 – 30 cm.

Before buying wallpaper, of course, the room or area to be installed should be measured first. For purchases in large quantities, sometimes the stock is limited, even though it has the same number and product, doesn’t mean it has the same color. This is the same as buying floor tiles.

If there is a wall that has been covered with wallpaper but is damaged due to impact, do not replace the wallpapers entirely. You can peel it off and recovered again (patchwork) exactly as before.


  1. Plywood

Plywood is a processed wood in the form of large sheets (boards), pressed, and made from several layers of wood. On the market, there are several types of plywood; plywood board (three layers) or multiplex (multilayer). Plywood is an alternative material to make wooden walls. Plywood has a size of 120 cm x 210 cm. There is also a type of plywood that has a beautiful texture called teakwood or teak block. The teakwood has a smooth surface and made of high-quality wood. Usually, it is used for room dividers with a direct finish, for example, doors, counters, and so on.

For wet rooms, use plywood or multiplex covered with vinyl or melamic. Usually, this plywood is used for bathroom, kitchen, or outdoor areas that are frequently exposed to water. The vinyl colors are also very diverse, it has 12 colors ranging from light colors to dark colors. For plywood with a melamic coating, it has limited colors such as white, light blue, pink, or cream.

4 Wall Material Types for Interior and Exterior According to Your Budget | Raysa House

How to make wooden wall using plywood

How to attach vinyl or melamic layer to the plywood is using an adhesive. It is often used to create a large number of bathroom partitions or partitions for meeting rooms, offices, restaurants, and so on. If you want a natural look, use transparent paint such as varnish, melamic, pinotek. There is also plywood finished with solid wood paint.

Installing plywood as a wall is very easy. Only by nailing it to a wooden frame or gluing it, then the wooden wall has been created.

See also: Which Wall Coatings Are Perfect for Your Home?

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